This study was designed to review the clinical experience at our institution with fungal keratitis during a 16-year period.
Materials and Methods:
A review of the clinical and microbiology records of the New York Eye and Infirmary identified 61cases of fungal keratitis in 57 patients between January 1, 1987 and June 1, 2003. The medical records of all patients were retrospectively reviewed to better delineate patient demographics, risk factors, etiologic organisms, treatment, and outcomes.
A total of 5083 positive corneal cultures were recorded'from January 1, 1987 to June 1, 2003. Sixty-one eyes in 57patients (37 women) were positive for fungus (1.2%). Three'patients had bilateral simultaneous infections. Candida albicans accounted for 29 of 61 cases (48%). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity (15 eyes), chronic ocular surface disease (14 eyes), and trauma (7 eyes) were the most commonly associated risk factors.
Our experience with fungal keratitis in the northeastern United States appears to be different than those reported from other areas of the United States. Serologic positivity for HIV and chronic ocular surface disease were the most common associated risk factors followed by trauma, herpes simplex keratitis, and contact lens use. Candida species predominated, whereas filamentous fungi were uncommon.