To evaluate the penetration of gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin into the anterior chamber, and any adverse reaction to the cornea, using collagen shields presoaked in oversaturated solutions of the antibiotics.
Collagen shields, presoaked for 10 minutes in an oversaturated solution of gatifloxacin or moxifloxacin, were placed on the surface of each of the corneas of 15 rabbits for a total of 30 eyes (15 in each group). The antibiotics were prepared by dissolving the powder form of the antibiotics in a solution until no further particulate could be further dissolved. Aqueous humor samples were taken 3.5 and 6 hours later.
The initial concentrations of gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin were 5.43 ± 0.16 mg/mL and 3.14 ± 0.22 mg/mL, respectively. The average concentration of gatifloxacin in the anterior chamber was higher than that of moxifloxacin at the 3.5-hour sample (6.32 ± 2.67 μg/mL versus 3.55 ± 3.5 μg/mL, P = 0.0034). The concentrations of both antibiotics, although decreased, remained relatively high at the 6-hour sample (1.39 ± 1.13 μg/mL versus 0.816 ± 0.6 μg/mL at 6 hours, respectively, P = 0.22). No obvious clinical or histologic signs of toxicity were noticed in either group.
Gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin showed good penetration into the anterior chamber with no obvious adverse reaction to the cornea. The concentrations in the anterior chamber exceeded the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) 90 of most organisms responsible for postoperative endophthalmitis (POE).