Case ReportsDeep Lamellar Keratoplasty as Surgical Management of Anterior and Posterior Segment Injuries to the EyeMuraine, Marc M.D.; Collet, Amélie M.D.; Brasseur, Gérard M.D.Author Information From the Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, Rouen Cedex, France. Submitted February 28, 2001. Revision received July 3, 2001. Accepted July 5, 2001. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Marc Muraine, Department of Ophthalmology, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, Boulevard Gambetta, 76031 Rouen, France. E-mail: [email protected] Cornea: November 2001 - Volume 20 - Issue 8 - p 897-901 Buy Abstract Purpose. To report on the feasibility of combined deep lamellar keratoplasty and vitreoretinal surgery in one patient with corneal opacity associated with retinal detachment. Methods. A 35-year-old man presented with a major hematocornea and retinal detachment after experiencing a right ocular trauma with corneoscleral wound 1 month earlier. We elected to perform deep lamellar keratoplasty to perform vitreoretinal surgery through the bared Descemet's membrane within the same surgical procedure. Results. Deep lamellar keratoplasty offered perfect visibility of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye through the bared Descemet's membrane during the 4-hour operation. Descemet's membrane was resilient enough to maintain remarkable tightness of the anterior chamber throughout vitreoretinal surgery procedures (vitrectomy, peeling of epiretinal membranes, encircling scleral buckling). Unfortunately, despite our efforts and extended operative time, the retina could not be restored to its position because of the high baseline level of ocular impairment. Conclusion. The combined procedure (deep lamellar keratoplasty and pars plana vitrectomy) appeared to be a good and feasible alternative to the temporary keratoprosthesis usually applied in that situation. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.