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The Management of Corneal Trauma: Advances in the Past Twenty-five Years

Macsai, Marian S. M.D.


Over the past quarter century, advances in our understanding of corneal anatomy, physiology, and wound healing have all played an integral role in the management of corneal trauma. As the etiologies of corneal trauma have changed, so has our understanding of the impact of injury on corneal function as it relates to visual rehabilitation. Numerous new classes of antibiotics, antiinflammatory agents, and tissue adhesives have emerged. Occlusive therapy has advanced from simple pressure patching bandage soft contact lenses and collagen shields. Surgical instrumentation, operating microscopes, viscoelastic substances, and suture materials have all improved the outcomes of corneal trauma repair. Improved understanding of the refractive properties of the cornea through topography and alternative suture techniques has helped us restore the natural corneal curvature and visual outcomes. Consequently, in the last quarter of this century our therapeutic approaches to cornea trauma, both medical and surgical, have improved.

From the Division of Ophthalmology, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Northwestern University Medical School, Evanston, Illinois, U.S.A.

Submitted January 30, 2000.

Revision received March 7, 2000.

Accepted March 8, 2000.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Marian S. Macsai, Chief, Division of Ophthalmology, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, 2650 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201, U.S.A.

© 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.