ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyHoft Richard H. M.D.; Pflugfelder, Stephen C. M.D.; Forster, Richard K. M.D.; Ullman, Saul M.D.; Polack, Frank M. M.D.; Schiff, Eugene R. M.D.Cornea: March 1997 - p 132-137 Buy Abstract Purpose Two cases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after penetrating keratoplasty are presented. Methods An extensive clinical and serologic investigation of these two transplant recipients was performed. In addition, the medical histories, autopsy reports, and specimens of blood from the two deceased corneal tissue donors were retrieved and studied. Results Serum from both donors was positive for hepatitis B surface antigen; the clinical history and serologic testing of both recipients strongly suggest that the HBV infection in each case was acquired from donor corneal tissue. Conclusion To our knowledge, these are the first documented cases of HBV infection after corneal transplantation. Eye banks should continue to screen donors for HBV. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.