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Testing of versions in a man with a left orbital apex syndrome.

Legend: Video shows a 75-year-old man who developed gradually progressive proptosis and ptosis in his left eye accompanied by an oblique diplopia. Visual field loss and a relative afferent pupillary defect ensued in the left eye as well. Neuro-ophthalmic examination reveals that the left eye is depressed and deviates laterally in primary gaze. Testing of versions show a lack of adduction and elevation of the left eye, and limited depression which, along with ptosis, is consistent with a left oculomotor palsy. Abduction of the left eye is also limited, consistent with a left abducens palsy.
The presence of a left oculomotor palsy and an ipsilateral abducens palsy is suggestive of either cavernous sinus syndrome or orbital apex syndrome. In this case, however, the presence of an optic neuropathy (not shown), which would not occur from a cavernous sinus lesion, is the clue that the site of the lesion is the orbital apex. The proptosis is also most consistent with an orbital apex mass, and MRI with contrast (see axial and coronal images at end of video) revealed a large left orbital apex meningioma in this patient.

Duration: 00:40

Associated with: August 2014, Volume 20, Issue 4;

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