Diagnosis, Differential Diagnosis, and Misdiagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis

Andrew J. Solomon, MD Multiple Sclerosis and Other CNS Inflammatory Diseases p. 611-635 June 2019, Vol.25, No.3 doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000728
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  • The 2017 McDonald Criteria for Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis in Patients With an Attack at Onseta,b

  • An approach to the evaluation of a brainstem syndrome.CSF = cerebrospinal fluid; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; MS = multiple sclerosis. Modified from Miller DH, et al, Mult Scler.19 © 2008 SAGE Publications.

  • An approach to the evaluation of a spinal cord syndrome.CSF = cerebrospinal fluid; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; MS = multiple sclerosis. Modified from Miller DH, et al, Mult Scler.19 © 2008 SAGE Publications.

  • Differential Diagnosis of Optic Neuritisa

  • Clinical or MRI Red Flags That May Suggest Diagnoses Other Than Multiple Sclerosisa

  • Recommended Approach to Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis in Patients With Atypical and Challenging Clinical Presentationsa

  • 2017 McDonald Criteria for Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis in Patients With a Disease Course Characterized by Progression From Onset (Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis)a

  • Differential Diagnosis of Progressive Multiple Sclerosisa

  • Recommendations for Prevention of Multiple Sclerosis Misdiagnosis When Applying the 2017 McDonald Criteriaa