Cerebrovascular Disease

April 2020, Volume 26, Issue 2
BROWSE ISSUES

Cerebrovascular Disease

April 2020, Vol.26, No.2

Guest Editor:

Natalia S. Rost, MD, MPH, FAAN, FAHA

Editor-in-Chief:

STEVEN L. LEWIS, MD, FAAN

ISSN: 1080-2371

Online ISSN: 1538-6899

REVIEW ARTICLES
Epidemiology and Primary Prevention of Stroke
Furie, Karen
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 260-267
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000831
Update on Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke
Rabinstein, Alejandro A.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 268-286
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000840
Neuroimaging in Acute Stroke
Menon, Bijoy K.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 287-309
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000839
Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke
Silva, Gisele S.; Nogueira, Raul G.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 310-331
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000852
Cerebral Small Vessel Disease
Rost, Natalia S.; Etherton, Mark
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 332-352
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000841
The Evolving Concept of Cryptogenic Stroke
Kamel, Hooman
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 353-362
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000832
Stroke in Women
Christensen, Hanne; Bushnell, Cheryl
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 363-385
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000836
Ischemic Stroke in Young Adults
Putaala, Jukka
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 386-414
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000833
Recovery After Stroke
Cramer, Steven C.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 415-434
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000838
Medical Management for Secondary Stroke Prevention
Kim, Anthony S.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 435-456
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000849
Surgical Approaches to Stroke Risk Reduction
Waters, Michael F.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 457-477
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000837
Management of Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms and Arteriovenous Malformations
Ruigrok, Ynte M.
CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease - p 478-498
doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000835
Editor's Preface
Articles
Key Points
Abbreviations
Appendix
Issue Overview

List of Abbreviations

CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology April 2020 - Volume 26 - Issue 2, Cerebrovascular Disease -10.1212/01.CON.0000660096.35071.b1 doi: 10.1212/01.CON.0000660096.35071.b1

Cerebrovascular Disease

Amyloid-β

ABCD2 Age, blood pressure, clinical features, duration, presence of diabetes mellitus

ADC Apparent diffusion coefficient

AF Atrial fibrillation

AHA American Heart Association

ApoE Apolipoprotein E protein

ARAT Action Research Arm Test

ASCOD Atherosclerosis, small vessel disease, cardiac pathology, other causes, dissection

ASPECTS Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score

AVM Arteriovenous malformation

AVNP Advanced neurovascular practitioner

BOLD Blood oxygenation level dependent

CADASIL Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy

CARASIL Cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy

CAS Carotid artery stenting

CCR5 C-C chemokine receptor 5

CEA Carotid endarterectomy

CHA2DS2VASc Congestive heart failure, hypertension, age 75 years or older, diabetes mellitus, stroke, vascular disease, age 65 to 74 years, sex category (female sex)

CI Confidence interval

CNS Central nervous system

CSF Cerebrospinal fluid

CT Computed tomography

CTA Computed tomography angiography; computed tomography angiogram

CTP Computed tomography perfusion

DASH Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

DSA Digital subtraction angiography

DWI Diffusion-weighted imaging

ECG Electrocardiogram

ESUS Embolic stroke of undetermined source

FDA US Food and Drug Administration

FLAIR Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery

GABA γ-Aminobutyric acid

GRE Gradient recalled echo

HAS-BLED Hypertension, abnormal liver or renal function, history of stroke or bleeding, labile international normalized ratios, elderly, use of drugs that promote bleeding or alcohol use

HELLP Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (syndrome)

HMG-CoA 3-Hydroxy-3-methlyglutaryl coenzyme A

ICA Internal carotid artery

ICH Intracerebral hemorrhage

IgG Immunoglobulin G

INR International normalized ratio

IV Intravenous

LDL Low-density lipoprotein

MCA Middle cerebral artery

MELAS Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike syndrome

MI Myocardial infarction

MP-RAGE Magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo

MRA Magnetic resonance angiography

MRI Magnetic resonance imaging

MSU Mobile stroke unit

NIH National Institutes of Health

NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale

NP Nurse practitioner

PET Positron emission tomography

PFO Patent foramen ovale

PRES Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

PSCK9 Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9

RCVS Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome

RoPE Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (score)

rtPA Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator

SAH Subarachnoid hemorrhage

sICH Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage

SPECT Single-photon emission computed tomography

SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

SWI Susceptibility-weighted imaging

TCD Transcranial Doppler

TEE Transesophageal echocardiography

TIA Transient ischemic attack

TICI Thrombolysis in cerebral infarction

UIATS Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm Treatment Score

VRAS Virginia Radiosurgery AVM Scale

© 2020 American Academy of Neurology.