List of Abbreviations

Epilepsy p. April 2019, Vol.25, No.2 doi: 10.1212/01.CON.0000554806.15285.e6


AAN American Academy of Neurology

ACHR Acetylcholine receptor

ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADNFLE Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsies

AED Antiepileptic drug

AMPA α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-proprionic acid

APE Antibody Prevalence in Epilepsy

BIRD Brief ictal rhythmic discharge

CBT Cognitive-behavioral therapy

CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CSF Cerebrospinal flfl uid

CSWS Continuous spikes in slow-wave sleep

CT Computed tomography

CYP Cytochrome P450

DEXA Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry

ECG Electrocardiogram

EEG Electroencephalogram

ESES Electrical status epilepticus in slow-wave sleep

EURAP European Registry of Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy

FDA US Food and Drug Administration

FIRES Febrile infection–related epilepsy syndrome

FLAIR Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery

fMRI Functional magnetic resonance imaging

GABA γ-Aminobutyric acid

GAD Glutamic acid decarboxylase

GEFS+ Generalized epilepsies with febrile seizures plus

GLUT1 Glucose transporter type 1

GPD Generalized periodic discharge

HIV Human immunodefifi ciency virus

ILAE International League Against Epilepsy

IM Intramuscular

IQ Intelligence quotient

IUD Intrauterine device

IV Intravenous

LGI1 Leucine-rich, glioma inactivated 1

LPD Lateralized periodic discharge

MATCH Medications at Transitions and Clinical Handoffs

MEG Magnetoencephalography

MIPS Merit-based Incentive Payment System

MRI Magnetic resonance imaging

mTOR Mammalian target of rapamycin

NAAPR North American AED Pregnancy Registry

NEAD Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs

NMDA N-methyl-D-aspartate

NORSE New-onset refractory status epilepticus

PEACE Pediatric Epilepsy Academic Consortium for Extrapolation

PEARLS Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives

PET Positron emission tomography

PLED Periodic lateralized epileptiform discharge

PMSE Polyhydramnios, megalencephaly, and symptomatic epilepsy syndrome

PNES Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures

PR interval Electrocardiographic interval from the beginning of the P wave to the middle of the QRS complex

QPP Quality Payment Program

QT interval Electrocardiographic interval from the beginning of the QRS complex to the end of the T wave

RITE Response to Immunotherapy in Epilepsy

RNS Responsive neurostimulation

SANAD Standard and New Antiepileptic Drugs

SPECT Single-photon emission computed tomography

SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

SUDEP Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy

TIRDA Temporal intermittent rhythmic delta activity

UDP-GT Uridine diphosphate glucuronyltransferase

UPLIFT Using Practice and Learning to Increase Favorable Thoughts

VNS Vagal nerve stimulation

© 2019 American Academy of Neurology.