Diagnosis and Management of Large Artery Atherosclerosis

Seemant Chaturvedi, MD, FAAN, FAHA Cerebrovascular Disease p. 486-500 April 2023, Vol.29, No.2 doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000001212
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OBJECTIVE Ischemic stroke due to large vessel atherosclerosis is a significant cause of stroke globally. With the aging population, the number of people with atherosclerotic stroke will increase in the coming decades. This article reviews the recent developments in the assessment and treatment of extracranial and intracranial atherosclerotic disease.

LATEST DEVELOPMENTS More intensive dual antiplatelet therapy can now be recommended for patients with transient ischemic attack or stroke. More stringent blood pressure and lipid control is also advised. The need for carotid revascularization will likely decrease in the coming decades because of advances in multimodal medical therapy; in particular, the role of revascularization for treating asymptomatic carotid stenosis is controversial. Patients with symptomatic intracranial stenosis should receive intensive medical therapy. Interest in high-resolution carotid plaque imaging is growing.

ESSENTIAL POINTS The prevention of stroke due to large vessel atherosclerosis has improved owing to advances in medical therapies. The role of carotid revascularization is unclear for many patient subgroups.

Address correspondence to Dr Seemant Chaturvedi, Department of Neurology and Stroke Program, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 S Paca St, 3rd Fl, Baltimore, MD 21201, [email protected].

RELATIONSHIP DISCLOSURE: Dr Chaturvedi has received personal compensation in the range of $500 to $4999 for serving as a consultant for AstraZeneca and on a scientific advisory or data safety monitoring board for the University of Calgary, and in the range of $10,000 to $49,999 for serving as an editor, associate editor, or editorial advisory board member for the American Heart Association and as an expert witness for Ramar & Paradiso (Troy, MI) and Cole, Scott, & Kissane (Palm Beach, FL). The institution of Dr Chaturvedi has received research support from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.


© 2023 American Academy of Neurology.