This article reviews the history, epidemiology, genetics, clinical presentation, multidisciplinary management, and established and emerging therapies for the dystrophinopathies.
The multidisciplinary care of individuals with dystrophinopathies continues to improve in many ways, including early surveillance and implementation of respiratory, cardiac, and orthopedic health management. The era of genetic therapeutics has altered the treatment landscape in neuromuscular disorders, including the dystrophinopathies.
The dystrophinopathies are a spectrum of X-linked genetic disorders characterized by childhood-onset progressive weakness and variable cardiac and cognitive involvement. Corticosteroids are the mainstay of therapy to slow disease progression. Additional strategies for disease amelioration and dystrophin restoration, including gene replacement therapy, are under investigation.