Neurologic Complications of Bariatric Surgery

Neeraj Kumar, MD Neurology of Systemic Disease p. 580-597 June 2014, Vol.20, No.3 doi: 10.1212/01.CON.0000450967.76452.f2
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Purpose of Review:: The increasing utilization of bariatric surgery has been accompanied by an increased incidence and awareness of related neurologic complications. The purpose of this review is to provide up-to-date information on the neurologic complications related to bariatric surgery.

Recent Findings:: Neurologic complications related to bariatric surgery are predominantly due to nutrient deficiencies. Common early complications include Wernicke encephalopathy due to thiamine deficiency, and late complications include myelopathy or myeloneuropathy due to vitamin B12 or copper deficiency.

Summary:: Early recognition and prompt institution of treatment is essential to prevent long-term disability. Often, life-long supplementation may be required.

Address correspondence to Dr Neeraj Kumar, Mayo Clinic, Department of Neurology, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905-0001, kumar.neeraj@mayo.edu.

Relationship Disclosure: Dr Kumar reports no disclosure.

Unlabeled Use of Products/Investigational Use Disclosure: Dr Kumar reports no disclosure.

© 2014 American Academy of Neurology