After reading this article, the participant should be able to:
- Define the principles of conservative and surgical treatment of spinal tuberculosis.
- Discuss the indications for conservative and surgical treatment of spinal tuberculosis.
- Describe the presentation and treatment options of less common causes of nonpyogenic spondylodiscitis.
This article is the fourth in a four-part series.
Dr. Skaf is Assistant Professor of Surgery and Ms. Bouclaous is Clinical Department Administrator, Division of Neurosurgery, American University of Beirut, Bliss Street, P.O. Box 113-6044, Beirut, Lebanon, E-mail: email@example.com; and Dr. Fehlings is Professor of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery and Spinal Program, The Toronto Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with or financial interests in any commercial organizations pertaining to this educational activity.
Editor: Ali F. Krisht, M.D.*
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Assistant Editor: Cargill Alleyne, Jr., M.D.*
Production Assistant: Ronalda Williams
Ossama Al-Mefty, M.D.
Evandro De Oliveira, M.D.
Curtis A. Dickman, M.D.
Rudolph Fahlbusch, M.D.
John Fox, M.D.
Allan Friedman, M.D.
Douglas Kondziolka, M.D.
Mark Linskey, M.D.
Tom Origitano, M.D.
Glenn Pait, M.D.
Kalmon Post, M.D.
Chandra Sen, M.D.
Robert Solomon, M.D.
Martin Weiss, M.D.
Gazi YasÂ,argil, M.D.
* Dr. Krisht and Dr. Alleyne have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with or financial interests in any commercial organizations pertaining to this educational activity.