Abbreviated neurocognitive tests offer a practical alternative to full-length versions but often lack clear interpretive guidelines, thereby limiting their clinical utility.
To replicate validity cutoffs for the Boston Naming Test—Short Form (BNT–15) and to introduce a clinical classification system for the BNT–15 as a measure of object-naming skills.
We collected data from 43 university students and 46 clinical patients. Classification accuracy was computed against psychometrically defined criterion groups. Clinical classification ranges were developed using a z-score transformation.
Previously suggested validity cutoffs (≤11 and ≤12) produced comparable classification accuracy among the university students. However, a more conservative cutoff (≤10) was needed with the clinical patients to contain the false-positive rate (0.20–0.38 sensitivity at 0.92–0.96 specificity). As a measure of cognitive ability, a perfect BNT–15 score suggests above average performance; ≤11 suggests clinically significant deficits. Demographically adjusted prorated BNT–15 T-scores correlated strongly (0.86) with the newly developed z-scores.
Given its brevity (<5 minutes), ease of administration and scoring, the BNT–15 can function as a useful and cost-effective screening measure for both object-naming/English proficiency and performance validity. The proposed clinical classification ranges provide useful guidelines for practitioners.