NEUROUROLOGY AND INCONTINENCE: Edited by John Heesakkers and Frank MartensNeurostimulation in neurogenic patientsMartens, F.M.J.a; Sievert, K-D.b,cAuthor Information aDepartment of Urology, Radboud University Medical Center, The Netherlands bDepartment of Urology, Klinikum Lippe cDepartment of Urology, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Vienna, Austria Correspondence to F.M.J. Martens, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Urology: July 2020 - Volume 30 - Issue 4 - p 507-512 doi: 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000773 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review To provide an overview of available electrical stimulation devices in neurogenic patients with lower urinary tract disease. Recent findings It is advocated to do more studies in neurogenic patients as results seem promising and useful but most studies did not include neurogenic patients or neurogenic patients were not analyzed or reported separately. Most studies included a small heterogenous neurogenic group with multiple pathophysiologic origin focusing on effect of a treatment instead of results of a treatment in a specific neurogenic group. Neuromodulation or stimulation has the advantage that it acts on different organs, like bladder and bowel, so can treat neurogenic patients, who mostly suffer from multiple organ failure. Summary Brindley procedure, sacral neuromodulation (SNM) and posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) are available for a while already. The Brindley procedure (including sacral anterior root stimulation in combination with a rhizotomy of posterior sacral roots) is developed for selected spinal cord injury patient with a complete spinal injury, and has shown results for many years in neurogenic patients. An alternative to the rhizotomy is not established yet. SNM and PTNS are other modalities that are used in nonneurogenic patients, but are not yet indicated and much studied in neurogenic patients. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.