Purpose of review
The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the current literature specific to surgery for localized penile cancer
including novel reconstructive techniques.
Centralization of penile cancer services in many European countries and in particular the United Kingdom has resulted in an increased proportion of men undergoing organ-sparing surgery (OSS) rather than partial or total penectomy. In this review, we focus on reconstructive techniques following surgery for the primary penile tumour.
The widespread adoption of penile preserving techniques in Europe and North America has shown both oncological safety as well as good cosmetic and functional outcomes. Recent evidence has suggested that narrower surgical margins do not affect overall cancer-specific survival or local recurrence rates. Therefore, excellent cosmetic and functional outcomes can be achieved using techniques such as glans resurfacing using split-thickness skin grafts, dorsal or ventral V–Y skin advancement and urethral centralization after partial penectomy
. For patients requiring more radical surgery such as total penectomy
, phallic reconstruction
is a suitable option using free flaps or pedicled flaps.
The use of OSS has transformed the lives of penile cancer
patients who can avoid the significant clinical and psychological consequences of more radical surgical treatments. Careful case selection and preoperative counselling is advised prior to reconstructive techniques. Close postoperative clinical surveillance is necessary for early detection of local recurrence.