BEST OF 2019: Edited by Johannes W. Vieweg and Shahrokh F. ShariatThe changing role of lasers in urologic surgeryEnikeev, Dmitrya; Shariat, Shahrokh F.a,b,c,d; Taratkin, Marka; Glybochko, PetraAuthor Information aInstitute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia bDepartment of Urology and Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria cWeill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York dUniversity of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, Texas, USA Correspondence to Dmitry Enikeev, MD, Ph.D., Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Str. 2, Bld. 1, 119991 Moscow, Russia. Tel.: +7 925 517 79 26;. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Urology: January 2020 - Volume 30 - Issue 1 - p 24-29 doi: 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000695 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review To summarize recent publications on the topic of laser in urology and explore new developments which may impact the future role of lasers in surgery. Recent findings Ho: Yttrium-aluminium garnet (YAG) laser with Moses technology allows less retropulsion during a lithotripsy, yet its efficacy needs to be tested in clinical trials. Data on the efficacy of this device for benign prostatic obstruction treatment is also pending. A new promising generation of laser systems – thulium-fiber (Tm-fiber) lasers – has been introduced. Tm-fiber has already been shown to be effective and well tolerated in endoscopic enucleation of the prostate and has demonstrated favorable outcome compared with Ho:YAG in preclinical lithotripsy studies. However, more studies are needed to better understand the use of this novel technology and elucidate its role within the armamentarium of available technologies. Summary Lasers remain an integral part of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery and stone treatment and gain popularity in en-bloc resection of bladder cancer. Current efficacy of laser systems in prostate cancer ablation and their place in laparoscopy remain unclear, despite promising initial reports. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.