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Dusting, fragmenting, popcorning or dustmenting?

Wenzel, Mikea; Bultitude, Matthewb; Salem, Johannesc

doi: 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000580
FUTURE OF KIDNEY STONE MANAGEMENT: Edited by Arkadiusz Miernik
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Purpose of review The present review identifies the latest scientific investigations within the fields of fragmenting and dusting to discuss optimizing treatment. In addition, new settings such as ‘popcorning are scrutinized carefully.

Recent findings During the past years, endoscopic techniques have continuously developed and changed the management of the treatment of kidney stones using ureteroscopy (URS). The most currently used energy source for stone disintegration is holmium laser lithotripsy. This technique offers different options for the surgeons to treat their patients suffering from kidney stones.

Summary URS with the holmium laser allows surgeons to use a variety of different strategies for treating urinary stones. There are two techniques which are most frequently used within this field: firstly fragmenting, using low frequencies and high pulse energy to break stones into small fragments before removal. On the other hand, dusting has been popularized in the field of endourology in recent years. This uses high frequencies and low pulse energy to form fine dust particles which then pass spontaneously down the ureter.

aKlinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany

bDepartment of Urology, Guy's and St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, UK

cKlinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Köln, Germany

Correspondence to Johannes Salem, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937 Köln, Germany. Tel: +49 221 478-82371; e-mail: Johannes.Salem@googlemail.com

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