Andrology, sexual dysfunction and infertility: Edited by Peter N. SchlegelThe status of penile enhancement proceduresVardi, Yoram; Gruenwald, IlanAuthor Information NeuroUrology Unit, Rambam Healthcare Campus and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel Correspondence to Proffesor Yoram Vardi, Neurourology unit, Rambam Healthcare Campus, POB 9602, Haifa, Israel Tel: +972 4 8542819; fax: +972 4 8542883; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Urology: November 2009 - Volume 16 - Issue 6 - p 601-605 doi: 10.1097/MOU.0b013e3283318f31 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Most men who request surgical penile enhancement have a normal-sized and fully functional penis but visualize their penises as small (psychological dysmorphism). This fact by itself leads to controversy regarding the true indications for penile enhancement procedures in men without micropenis. Recent literature One of the typical aspects of penile enhancement is the lack of true methodological evaluation of the more commonly performed procedures. Even recently, only few solid scientific studies are available which can shed some light on results and outcome of these controversial procedures. Summary Although some additional data has emerged during the past year, there is still no consensus in regard to indications and surgical techniques used for penile augmentation or penile girth enhancement. There is further need for more studies to provide a better overview of the value and worthiness of these procedures. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.