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Infection and urinary stones

Abrahams, Harrison M.; Stoller, Marshall L.

Urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases
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Purpose of review Despite modern antibiotic therapy and technological advances in lithotripsy, the presence of infection in urinary stone patients as well as infectious stones are still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Many new investigations are focusing on the pathogenesis and treatment of these difficult cases.

Recent findings Most of the current literature on the subject focuses on pathogenesis of infectious urinary stones. The remaining literature highlights difficult cases, outcomes of treatments, and overall reviews of the subject.

Summary Recent findings lend more theories as to how infection leads to stone formation. Further investigation is critically needed to improve the outcomes of patients suffering from infections with urinary stones and infectious stones.

Department of Urology, University of California San Francisco, California, USA

Correspondence to Marshall L. Stoller MD, UCSF Urology, Box 0738, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA Tel: +1 415 476 1611; fax: +1 415 476 8849; e-mail: mstoller@urol.ucsf.edu

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.