Purpose of review
The population of kidney transplant recipients with advanced chronic kidney disease is growing but their outcomes are poor and care is not standardized. There has been wide variety of research in recent years on different aspects of care in failing allografts, and these research findings may help the providers in optimizing care. The purpose of the review is to outline the challenges and opportunities in management of failing allograft, and provide tools for improvement.
This review summarizes the recent research in field of failing allograft including outcomes, immunosuppression, risk factor management, multidisciplinary CKD care, dialysis initiation, nephrectomy and re-transplantation.
Kidney allograft failure is a period of higher risk of mortality compared with other transition periods for patients with ESRD. Risk mitigation is a complex challenge for patients and their care teams. In addition to summarizing the recent literature, we propose a checklist approach to the various issues, medical, surgical, psychological and nutritional as patients approach kidney transplant failure while they consider initiation of dialysis and possible repeat transplantation. Once standard algorithms are instituted, studies can be conducted to identify those high-value interventions that actually reduce morbidity and mortality risk during this transition period.