PAIN: CANCER: Edited by Anthony H. Dickenson and Paul Farquhar-SmithOpioid addiction, diversion, and abuse in chronic and cancer painKata, Vijaya; Novitch, Matthew B.b; Jones, Mark R.c; Anyama, Best O.d; Helander, Erik M.d; Kaye, Alan D.e Author Information aLouisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana bMedical College of Wisconsin, Wausau, Wisconsin cDepartment of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts dDepartment of Anesthesiology eDepartment of Pharmacology, LSUHSC, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA Correspondence to Alan D. Kaye, MD, PhD, Department of Pharmacology, LSUHSC, 1542 Tulane Avenue, Suite 659, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. Tel: +1 504 568 2315; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care: June 2018 - Volume 12 - Issue 2 - p 124-130 doi: 10.1097/SPC.0000000000000333 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The primary cause of overdose death in the United States is related to pharmaceutical opioids. A few particular populations that struggle with adverse outcomes related to opioid abuse are those in palliative care, those with chronic pain, and those receiving pain treatments secondary to cancer or chemotherapy. Recent findings There have been massive efforts to decrease the use of opioid abuse in patient care in a gestalt manner, but palliative care provides unique challenges in applying these reduction tactics used by other specialties. Summary We explore behavioral interventions, provider education, alternative pain management techniques, postmarketing surveillance, and abuse-deterrent formulas as emerging methods to counteract opioid abuse in these populations. Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.