INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Edited by Alimuddin Zumla and David SC HuiAirborne transmission of respiratory viruses including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Tang, Julian W.a,b; Marr, Linsey C.c; Tellier, Raymondd; Dancer, Stephanie J.e Author Information aClinical Microbiology, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust bRespiratory Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK cCivil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, USA dDepartment of Medicine McGill University, Canada eEdinburgh Napier University and NHS Lanarkshire, Scotland Correspondence to Julian W. Tang, Clinical Microbiology, 5/F Sandringham Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Square, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK. Tel: +44 116 2583574; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine 29(3):p 191-196, May 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/MCP.0000000000000947 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has had a wide-ranging and profound impact on how we think about the transmission of respiratory viruses This review outlines the basis on which we should consider all respiratory viruses as aerosol-transmissible infections, in order to improve our control of these pathogens in both healthcare and community settings. Recent findings We present recent studies to support the aerosol transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and some older studies to demonstrate the aerosol transmissibility of other, more familiar seasonal respiratory viruses. Summary Current knowledge on how these respiratory viruses are transmitted, and the way we control their spread, is changing. We need to embrace these changes to improve the care of patients in hospitals and care homes including others who are vulnerable to severe disease in community settings. Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.