Purpose of review
To summarize the most important recent scientific developments in the field of clinical pediatric sleep
medicine, specifically as relates to sleep disorders
in special pediatric populations.
The major themes covered in this review include sleep
-disordered breathing; narcolepsy; restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movement disorder; insomnia; sleep
with medical conditions; and sleep
with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders.
An expanded understanding of the pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical evaluation methods, sequelae, and empirically supported treatment options of common pediatric sleep disorders
, especially in high-risk populations, is key to a rational approach to diagnosis and management of these children
in clinical settings.