CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY: Edited by Richa BhatiaEating disorders in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitusWagner, Gudrun; Karwautz, AndreasAuthor Information Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria Correspondence to Gudrun Wagner, Medical University of Vienna, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Eating Disorders Unit, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Tel: +43 1 40400 30140; e-mail: email@example.com Current Opinion in Psychiatry: November 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 6 - p 602-610 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000650 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Eating disorders represent one of the most common psychiatric disorders in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a prevalence twice as high as in individuals without diabetes. The increased risk for acute and long-term medical complications and a three-fold mortality rate with this dual condition makes it extremely important to screen adolescents for eating disorders as soon as possible. Recent findings A number of 13 surveys in the last two years focussed on prevalence rates of disordered eating and associations with sociodemographic, eating disorder-specific and diabetes-related factors in this population. Variations in study design, sample size, age range, sex, instruments to assess eating disorders and outcome make comparisons difficult. Healthcare professionals report challenges in detecting and treating adolescents with this dual condition because of a lack of validated screening tools, guidelines, and integration across specialist care. Studies on psychological treatments for the comorbidity of eating disorders and T1DM are scarce, especially for adolescents. Summary The development and evaluation of psychological treatments for adolescents with eating disorders and T1DM are urgently needed. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.