NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS: Edited by James C. HarrisPsychological treatment strategies for challenging behaviours in neurodevelopmental disorders: what lies beyond a purely behavioural approach?Woodcock, Kate A.; Blackwell, SiobhánAuthor Information Centre for Applied Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK Correspondence to Kate A. Woodcock, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, 52 Pritchatts Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2SA, UK. Tel: +44 0 121 414 6036; e-mail: email@example.com Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Website (www.co-psychiatry.com). Current Opinion in Psychiatry: March 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 2 - p 92-109 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000571 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Challenging behaviour shown by individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) has a major negative impact. There is robust evidence for the efficacy of treatments based on applied behaviour analysis. However, such approaches are limited in important ways – providing only part of the whole solution. We reviewed the literature to provide an overview of recent progress in psychological treatments for challenging behaviour and how these advance the field beyond a purely behavioural approach. Recent finding We identified 1029 articles via a systematic search and screened for those implementing a psychological intervention with individuals with NDD (or caregivers) and measuring the potential impact on challenging behaviour. Of the 69 included studies published since 2018, more than 50% implemented a purely behavioural intervention. Other studies could generally be categorized as implementing parent training, meditation, skill training or technology-assisted interventions. Summary Greater consideration of the interplay between behavioural and nonbehavioural intervention components; systematic approaches to personalization when going beyond the behavioural model; mental health and broad social communication needs; and models that include cognitive and emotional pathways to challenging behaviour; is needed to advance the field. Furthermore, technology should not be overlooked as an important potential facilitator of intervention efforts. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.