PROVISION OF SERVICES TO PEOPLE WITH MENTAL ILLNESS: Edited by Giovanni de Girolamo and Thomas BeckerThe number of parents who are patients attending adult psychiatric servicesMaybery, Darryla; Reupert, Andrea E.bAuthor Information aSchool of Rural Health, Monash University, Moe bKrongold Clinic, Faculty of Education, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Correspondence to Darryl Maybery, Professor and Director, School of Rural Health, Monash University, Moe, Victoria, Australia. E-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Psychiatry: July 2018 - Volume 31 - Issue 4 - p 358-362 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000427 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Having a parent with a mental illness is a major risk to children's wellbeing. The first step in developing policies and procedures that could assist these children is to determine the numbers of parents attending adult psychiatric services. This is the first systematic examination of the literature regarding the prevalence and family circumstances of parents attending adult psychiatric services. Recent findings Nine peer reviewed publications showed parent prevalence in adult services ranging from 12.2 to 45.0%. Prevalence variability is associated with the type of adult service (e.g. inpatient and outpatient), sampling (e.g. single service versus whole of state) and parent characteristics (e.g. sex, diagnosis, relationship status, family information). Summary A large minority of adult psychiatric service patients are parents. Given the prevention and early intervention benefits for parents and their families, adult psychiatric services need to be responsive to their needs. Future research should distinguish the type of service being audited, parent sex and diagnosis and the family circumstances that imbue greater risks to families, as well as opportunities to support children. Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.