Purpose of review
Sexuality is an essential part of a healthy life. It can contribute significantly to the physical, psychological and social wellbeing of menopausal women, therefore, to their quality of life. This study is an overview of the most recent findings in the literature retrieved from searches of computerized databases. We extracted all notable information concerning definition, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnostic evaluation and management.
The experience of sexuality in menopause is fundamentally shaped by the biological and psychological changes that occur on a substrate of modifications linked to the ageing process. Moreover, several additional factors, including effects of illness, medications and psychosocial stressors can contribute to sexual dysfunction. Patients should be educated about the causes of sexual dysfunction and available treatment.
In recent years, the field of research in sexual dysfunctions has made great progress in many areas of investigation, from epidemiology to pathophysiology providing a better understanding of causes and promoting better care. However, the multifactorial nature of human sexuality still makes our ability to comprehensively treat sexual dysfunction quite difficult. An integrated approach is needed to recognize different aspects involved and to identify the proper intervention strategies for early prevention and promotion of a healthy sexuality in menopause.