SCHIZOPHRENIA AND RELATED DISORDERS: Edited by Lynn E. Delisi and W. Wolfgang FleischhackerRecent advances in supported employment for people with serious mental illnessMueser, Kim T.; Drake, Robert E.; Bond, Gary R.Author Information aCenter for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Departments of Occupational Therapy, Psychiatry and Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts bDartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Departments of Psychiatry and Family and Community Medicine cDartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA Correspondence to Kim T. Mueser, PhD, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, 940 Commonwealth Ave. West, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Tel: +1 617 353 3549; fax: +1 617 353 7700; e-mail: email@example.com Current Opinion in Psychiatry: May 2016 - Volume 29 - Issue 3 - p 196-201 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000247 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Supported employment is a vocational rehabilitation approach that eschews prevocational training in favor of rapid job search for competitive work and follow-along supports to sustain employment, with the individual placement and support (IPS) model being the most standardized and researched model. This review covers recent research on the IPS model of supported employment. Recent findings The evidence base for IPS-supported employment continues to grow, with seven new randomized controlled trials published, most conducted abroad, resulting in a total of 23 controlled studies showing that IPS is effective at improving work outcomes. Several reviews have concluded that competitive work improves quality of life in persons with serious mental illness, and some research has suggested that employment may confer clinical benefits. Encouraging research has been published on modifications of the IPS model (such as inclusion of supported education), augmentations (such as cognitive remediation) and adaptations for underserved populations (such as persons with criminal justice involvement). Recent studies have also described the effective strategies for implementing and sustaining IPS; others have reported its cost-effectiveness. Summary Research continues to accumulate on the effectiveness of IPS-supported employment, adaptations of the model and overcoming programme and policy barriers to its widespread implementation. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.