History and philosophy: Edited by KWM (Bill) Fulford; John Z. Sadler and Paul HoffReligion and spirituality in psychiatric practiceCamp, Mary E.Author Information University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Correspondence to Mary E. Camp, MD, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, NC5.804, Dallas, TX 75390-9070, USA Tel: +1 214 648 5555; fax: +1 214 648 7370; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Psychiatry: November 2011 - Volume 24 - Issue 6 - p 507-513 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e32834bb8f4 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The role of religion and spirituality in psychiatric practice has long been a topic of discussion among mental health providers, patients, and faith communities. This review examines the recent findings in the literature that shape current dialogues on this topic and provide implications for patient care. Recent findings An increasing body of evidence correlates certain aspects of religion/spirituality with mental and physical health outcomes, and researchers continue to explore how and when psychiatrists should intervene in matters of faith. As this topic is inherently multidisciplinary, many encourage approaches that incorporate neurobiology, faith, and psychology for enhanced understanding of patient experience. Many also stress the importance of effective interpersonal communication between providers and patients, using a person-centered framework. In all of these dialogues, implications for patient care are highlighted. Summary The proper role of religion and spirituality in psychiatry continues as a matter of debate. However, current publications attempt to clarify issues that may lead to more evidence-based and empathic care in this area. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.