Purpose of review
The purpose of this review is to present an overview of sport-related concussion
in the young athlete
and review recent publications of clinical and scientific importance.
Recent findings show that young athletes are more susceptible to concussions than older athletes and more likely to develop second impact syndrome, as well as long-term negative cumulative consequences. Further, ongoing research suggests a more prolonged disturbance of brain function following a concussion
than previously believed.
Given the increased vulnerability of the young athlete
, current research suggests conservative management of concussion
decisions. A decision tree diagram to assist the practitioner in making return-to-play
recommendations for the young athlete
is included in this review.