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Editorial introductions

Editor(s): Klig, Jean E.; Bogue, Clifford W.; Cornfield, David N.; Chokshi, Nikunj K.; Bernstein, Henry H.

Current Opinion in Pediatrics: June 2020 - Volume 32 - Issue 3 - p v-viii
doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000907
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Current Opinion in Pediatrics was launched in 1989. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The field of pediatrics is divided into 18 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. In addition to this, Henry H. Bernstein also invites a prominent authority in the field of Office Pediatrics to write on the subject for each issue. Here we are pleased to introduce the Section Editors for this issue.


Jean E. Klig

Jean E. Klig

Jean E. Klig, MD is the Director for Undergraduate Education in the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital, USA and an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine at Harvard Medical School, USA. She earned her medical degree at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA in 1988, and completed her internship and residency in pediatrics at Children's Hospital Boston, USA. Following residency, she completed her fellowship in pediatric emergency medicine at Children's Hospital Oakland, USA. Dr Klig then joined the Department of Pediatrics at Yale University School of Medicine, USA, as faculty in the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Children's Hospital at Yale-New Haven from its opening in 1993 until 2004. During this time, she contributed to the development of a pediatric emergency medicine clinical service and held an array of roles in medical education, including early simulation-based teaching, at the graduate and undergraduate levels. Dr Klig returned to Boston and continued her work in medical education focusing on clinical skills development and simulation-based teaching at the undergraduate and graduate levels. She joined the Harvard-Macy International educator course faculty in 2008, where she continues to serve on the strategic planning committee, lead the microteaching program, and co-lead the faculty development team. Dr Klig served as the Associate Chief of Pediatric Emergency Services (2008 - 2018), followed by expansion of her role in undergraduate education at Harvard Medical School, where she now serves as senior Core Clinical Skills Assessment Faculty and lead faculty for the Harvard Medical School Course Directors Leadership Institute. On a national level, Dr Klig recently co-chaired the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Education Research and Scholarship Consensus session and report for the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. Dr Klig lectures nationally and internationally on pediatric emergency medicine and medical education.

Clifford W. Bogue

Clifford W. Bogue

Clifford W. Bogue, MD, a pediatric critical care specialist, is the Waldemar Von Zedtwitz Professor and Chairman of Pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine, USA, where he has been on the faculty since 1993. In 2014, he was also named the inaugural Chief Medical Officer of Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital, where he provides strategic and operational leadership for the Children's Hospital's clinical delivery systems. Dr Bogue was named Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics in August 2017. Dr Bogue received both his undergraduate and medical degrees from the University of Virginia (UVA), USA. He was a resident and chief resident in pediatrics at Vanderbilt University, USA, before completing a fellowship in pediatric critical care medicine at Yale.

During his career at Yale, Dr Bogue has held a number of medical school and hospital leadership positions, including Director of Pediatric Critical Care Transport, Medical Director of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Director of the Pediatric Critical Care Fellowship, Chief of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine and Associate Chairman for Strategic Planning. From 2010–2012, he served as Interim Chairman of Pediatrics and Physician-in-Chief of Yale New Haven Children's Hospital and from 2012–2015 served as Vice Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics. He served as Interim Chairman of Pediatrics from 2015–2017.

Dr Bogue has been actively involved in training students, residents and fellows and is committed to the development of pediatric physician-scientists. He was director of Bedside to Bench: Seminars in Pediatrics, a course for first-year medical students for over ten years, served on the MD/PhD Faculty Committee, was PI for an NIH T32 training program in cardiopulmonary development for 10 years. He most recently served as training director for the Yale Child Health Research Center, a K12 program funded by the NICHD that had 25 years of consecutive funding. He has served on several NIH peer review panels and is currently a member of the Child Health Research Scientific Review Committee of the Charles H. Hood Foundation. He previously served as Co-Chair of the American Heart Association Genetics/Epigenetics peer review committee. In 2014, Dr Bogue was the Chair of the Planning Committee for Pediatric Clinical Trials Network Stakeholders’ Forum, a forum convened by the American Academy of Pediatrics to initiate the process of developing a global pediatric clinical trials network. He currently serves on two NIH Advisory Committees of the NIH focused on the inclusion of children in research and in the Precision Medicine Program Initiative All of Us.

Dr Bogue's academic career at Yale also included establishing and directing an NIH-funded research program in the developmental biology of the lung, liver and cardiovascular system for over 20 years. During that time, his laboratory made important contributions to the genetic pathways involved in embryonic organ development, including the identification of genetic pathways critical to formation of the liver and biliary system as well as the cardiovascular system.

Dr Bogue has served on a number of national and international boards in academic pediatrics including the Council of the Society for Pediatric Research, the Federation of Pediatric Organizations’ Child Health Research and Training Workgroup, and the Program Committee of the Pediatric Academic Societies’ Meeting where he served as Chair from 2015–2017. He is currently a Trustee and President of the International Pediatric Research Foundation (which is responsible for publishing the journal Pediatric Research), Secretary-Treasurer elect of the American Pediatric Society Pediatric Academic Societies’ Program Committee, Chair of the AAP Committee on Pediatric Research, and Section Editor for Current Opinion in Pediatrics.

David N. Cornfield

David N. Cornfield

David N. Cornfield, MD, was appointed the first holder of the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professorship in Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine, USA, in December 2005. He is Director of the Center for Excellence in Pulmonary Biology at Stanford University, USA and Chief of the Divisions of Pediatric Pulmonary, Asthma, and Sleep Medicine at Stanford University and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, USA.

Dr Cornfield earned his medical degree from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, USA and completed his residency at Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Missouri, USA, where he was recognized as the Most Outstanding Houseofficer and Chief Resident. He later completed his fellowship in both pediatric pulmonology and critical care medicine at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, USA and Denver Children's Hospital and National Jewish Hospital, Denver, USA.

Prior to joining the faculty of Stanford University, Dr Cornfield served as Professor of Pediatrics, Physiology and Surgery at the University of Minnesota Medical School, USA and Director of the Division of Pediatric Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and interim head of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota Children's Hospital. Dr Cornfield also served as the Associate Dean for Research at the University of Minnesota Medical School and the founding Director of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. At Stanford University, Dr Cornfield led the Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine from 2006 to 2015.

Dr Cornfield's basic science research focuses on the development of blood vessels in the lungs and the molecular mechanisms responsible for sensing changes in oxygen tension. His research has provided insight into the cellular and subcellular mechanisms that determine pulmonary vascular tone and lung development. Current research foci includes the transcriptomics of pulmonary vascular development using single cell RNA seq, the determinants of uterine contractility in the context of physiologic and pathophysiologic labor, and barrier function in the lung. His laboratory has been continuously funded by the National Institutes of Health for the past 25 years. His clinical research has focused on methods to treat acute lung injury in infants and children, non-invasive approaches to organ rejection, the lung microbiome in cystic fibrosis and imaging to detect early lung injury in cystic fibrosis.

Dr Cornfield is an active member of numerous professional organizations, including the American Pediatric Society, American Thoracic Society, American Academy of Pediatrics, and Past President of the Society for Pediatric Research. He serves on the editorial boards of the American Journal of Physiology, Pediatrics, and Pulmonary Circulation. He served as a permanent member of study sections of the National Institutes of Health (NHLBI, NICHD), the March of Dimes, and the American Heart Association and as a member of AAP committee on pediatric education, PAS advocacy committee and the Federation of Pediatric Organizations task force on training and scholarship.

Areas of research beyond the bench include clinical lung injury, violence prevention in developing countries, microlending in Africa, optimizing the electronic medical record and preserving physician-scientists in pediatrics. Funding sources for the Cornfield lab include the NHLBI, NICHD, the American Heart Association, the Burroughs Wellcome Foundation, and the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

Dr Cornfield is the recipient of numerous professional honors including the Daniel C. Darrow Award from Children's Mercy Hospital, the Richard B. Rowe Award for outstanding achievements in perinatal cardiology from the Society for Pediatric Research, the Established-Investigator and Clinician-Scientist Awards from the American Heart Association and the Clinician of the Year Award from the University of Minnesota Medical School. He has also been recognized annually as an Outstanding Faculty Educator, “Top Pediatrician” and “Best Doctor.” Dr Cornfield is a committed physician-scientist and a founding co-Director of the Chan Zuckerberg Biohub Physician-Scientist Training Program.

Nikunj K. Chokshi

Nikunj K. Chokshi

Nikunj K. Chokshi, MD, is a pediatric surgeon at the University of Chicago Medicine, USA. He is board certified by the American Board of Surgery in general surgery, pediatric surgery, and surgical critical care. He is currently the Program Director for the surgical critical care fellowship, the Surgeon Champion for the Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (American College of Surgeons) and the Director of the Pediatric ECMO program at Comer Children's Medical Center, Chicago, USA. In these roles, he has worked to improve the care of children within his own institution and nationally. After training in general surgery at the Medical College of Wisconsin, USA and the University of Southern California, USA, he completed his surgical critical care fellowship at the Los Angeles County – University of Southern California program. This was followed by a pediatric surgery fellowship at Saint Louis University, Missouri, USA. His clinical interests include all aspects of surgical critical care, inflammatory bowel disease, and lung anomalies. He was born and raised in the suburbs of Chicago, and went to college at the University of Illinois, USA, followed by medical school at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He currently lives in Hyde Park, Chicago with his family.

Henry H. Bernstein

Henry H. Bernstein

Dr Bernstein is a Professor of Pediatrics at Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell in New York, USA. He taps into his extensive 35-year experience as a general pediatrician in private practice, the National Health Service Corps, and as Chief of General Academic Pediatrics at urban, suburban, and rural children's hospitals to promote the health and well being of children, their families, and their communities. His private, community-based primary care (generalist) experiences in combination with academic leadership responsibilities have provided him with a value-added, translational science perspective, unique from many others in academia. This tacit knowledge enables him to fulfill a lifelong passion of communicating, educating, and translating science into clinical settings, educational venues, policy-making, and media interactions to advance the health of children.

Research is consistently woven into the fabric of Dr Bernstein's clinical practice, which has served as a “laboratory” for his active studies. His research and quality improvement initiatives focus on issues important to Academic General Pediatrics and community-based practice, including immunizations, infectious diseases, postpartum newborn discharge, childhood obesity, breastfeeding, health promotion, preventive health screening in primary care, technology, and medical education. His commitment, innovative spirit, and enthusiasm also encompass many facets of medical education along the continuum from training and mentoring future physicians to fostering lifelong learning and supporting the continuous professional development of practicing pediatricians.

Dr Bernstein is a member of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an ex-officio member of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Committee on Infectious Diseases (Red Book Committee), and Associate Editor of Red Book Online ( Prior to being a member of ACIP, he served as AAP liaison to the ACIP Influenza Workgroup for 12 years, spearheading both seasonal and pandemic influenza preparedness and policy for children. In addition, he is Editor-in-Chief Emeritus of PediaLink (, the AAP's online home for lifelong learning, and Chair of the interdisciplinary Bright Futures Health Promotion Workgroup, which created a distinctive health promotion curriculum, videos, and a companion educational website (

Dr Bernstein has been Editor of the Office Pediatrics Series in Current Opinion in Pediatrics since 1995 and was Senior Editor of Pediatrics on the public website of Harvard Medical School's Health Publications Division for 17 years. He regularly shares his knowledge and expertise by educating the public, writing for health information websites and often participating in media interviews on a variety of pediatric health care issues including immunizations, diagnosis and treatment of common childhood infectious diseases and conditions, and practical information for parents, teachers and caregivers.

In the spirit of lifelong learning, Dr Bernstein earned a Masters in Healthcare Management (MHCM) at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, USA in 2013 and has been a faculty member in this Executive Education degree program since. He actively maintains his certification by the American Board of Pediatrics. He completed his residency training in pediatrics at St. Christopher's Hospital for Children in Philadelphia, USA after earning his medical degree from the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey - School of Osteopathic, USA. Hank and his wife, Sophie, have been married for 40 years and are extremely proud of their 35-year-old daughter, Lauren, and 29-year-old son, David.

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