Purpose of review
The purpose of this review is to describe current advances in pediatric precision therapy
through innovations in technology and engineering. A multimodal approach of chemotherapy, surgery and/or radiation therapy has improved survival outcomes for pediatric cancer but with significant early and late toxicities. The pediatric population is particularly vulnerable given their age during treatment. Advances in precision interventions discussed include image guidance
, ablation techniques, radiation therapy and novel drug delivery mechanisms that offer the potential for more targeted approach approaches with improved efficacy while limiting acute and late toxicities.
Image-guidance provides improved treatment planning, real time monitoring and targeting when combined with ablative techniques and radiation therapy. Advances in drug delivery including radioisotopes, nanoparticles and antibody drug conjugates have shown benefit in adult malignancies with increasing use in pediatrics. These therapies alone and combined may lead to augmented local antitumor effect while sparing systemic exposure and potentially limiting early and late toxicities.
Pediatric cancer medicine often requires a multimodal approach, each with early and late toxicities. Precision interventions and therapies offer promise for more targeted approaches in treating pediatric malignancies and require further investigation to determine long-term benefit.