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New age technology and social media

adolescent psychosocial implications and the need for protective measures

Shah, Jay; Das, Prithwijit; Muthiah, Nallammai; Milanaik, Ruth

doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000714
OFFICE PEDIATRICS: Edited by Henry H. Bernstein
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Purpose of review In recent years, breakthroughs and advancements in new age technology have revolutionized the way children communicate and interact with the world around them. As social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat continue to grow in popularity, their usage has raised concerns about their role and impact on adolescent development and behavior. This review examines the psychosocial implications of social media usage on youth outcomes related to body image, socialization, and adolescent development. It discusses ways that clinicians and parents can effectively safeguard their children from the potential threats posed by digital media while providing a fact sheet for parents that addresses these concerns and summarizes recommended strategies to combat them.

Recent findings While social media platforms continue to experience surges in popularity, mounting evidence suggests significant correlations between their usage and adolescent mental health and behavioral issues. Increased social media usage has been linked to diminished self-esteem and body satisfaction, elevated risk of cyber-bullying, heightened exposure to pornographic material, and risky sexual behaviors.

Summary Given how new age technology is steadily permeating everyday life, greater efforts are needed to inform adolescent users and their families about the negative consequences of social media usage. Pediatricians and parents must take cautionary measures to reduce psychosocial risks and ensure the online safety of children.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Northwell Health System, Lake Success, New York, USA

Correspondence to Ruth Milanaik, DO, Division of Developmental and Behavioral, Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, 1983 Marcus, Ave, Suite 130, Lake Success, NY 11042, USA. Tel: +1 516 633 7416; e-mail: rmilanai@northwell.edu

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