OFFICE PEDIATRICS: Edited by Henry H. BernsteinRash diagnostics: an update on the diagnosis of allergic rashesHappel, Corinne SavidesAuthor Information Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Correspondence to Corinne Savides Happel, MD, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5501 Hopkins Bayview Circle, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. Tel: +1 410 550 2300; fax: +1 410 550 3256; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Pediatrics: June 2017 - Volume 29 - Issue 3 - p 371-378 doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000489 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to summarize recent research regarding the diagnosis of allergic rashes and to suggest future directions for the promotion of accurate diagnosis and endotype specification. Recent findings Multiple cohort studies demonstrate that with appropriate clinical evaluation, drug allergy labels can be removed in up to 90% of cases. Genetic tests can predict severe adverse cutaneous drug reactions in some cases and in vitro tests are being sought to identify causative drugs in others. Biomarkers to define endotypes of atopic dermatitis are needed to predict which patients will benefit from evolving targeted therapies. Hyperspectral imaging is a rapidly evolving technology in medical diagnostics; additional research is needed to demonstrate whether this promising technology can be used to distinguish allergic rashes and/or endotypes in atopic dermatitis. Summary Diagnostic tools for the assessment of allergic rashes are primitive in that they frequently rely on challenges to ascertain whether suspected allergens were causative. Validated in vitro tests with high sensitivity and specificity for drug allergies would benefit the field, particularly in delayed type reactions, as would identification of any hyperspectral signatures that could identify endotypes in atopic dermatitis. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.