NEUROLOGY: Edited by Robert C. TaskerDeveloping brain networks of attentionPosner, Michael I.; Rothbart, Mary K.; Voelker, PascaleAuthor Information University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA Correspondence to Dr Michael I. Posner, Department of Psychology, 1227 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA. Tel: +1 541 346 4939; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Pediatrics: December 2016 - Volume 28 - Issue 6 - p 720-724 doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000413 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Attention is a primary cognitive function critical for perception, language, and memory. We provide an update on brain networks related to attention, their development, training, and pathologies. Recent findings An executive attention network, also called the cingulo-opercular network, allows voluntary control of behavior in accordance with goals. Individual differences among children in self-regulation have been measured by a higher order factor called effortful control, which is related to the executive network and to the size of the anterior cingulate cortex. Summary Brain networks of attention arise in infancy and are related to individual differences, including pathology during childhood. Methods of training attention may improve performance and ameliorate pathology. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.