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Patient-centered medical home for patients with complex congenital heart disease

Fernandes, Susan M.a,b; Sanders, Lee M.c

doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000258
CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE: Edited by Daniel Bernstein

Purpose of review Originally conceived by pediatricians as a model for the care of children with special healthcare needs, the ‘patient-centered medical home’ (PCMH) has been identified by the Affordable Care Act as a model for all future outpatient care delivery. Although few studies have demonstrated its efficacy in improving care for children with congenital heart disease (CHD), access to a PCMH is likely to improve CHD-patient outcomes, including global function and quality of life, while reducing healthcare costs.

Recent findings To date, most patients with complex CHD have their care anchored in cardiology subspecialty-care clinics, which lack many of the attributes of a PCMH. Given that many of these patients have noncardiac morbidities, including neurocognitive impairment and multiorgan dysfunction, we believe such patients will benefit from a PCMH model of care based on primary care.

Summary The PCMH based on primary care for patients with complex CHD could result in improved clinical outcomes, improved patient satisfaction and quality of life as well as decreased healthcare costs. Policy and practice reform are required to increase CHD-patient access to a PCMH, based on primary-care settings.

aDivision of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics

bDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine

cDivision of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA

Correspondence to Susan M. Fernandes, LP.D, P.A.-C, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 750 Welch Road, Suite 325, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. Tel: +1 650 724 5554; fax: +1 650 723 8115; e-mail:

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