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Field-based measures of head impacts in high school football athletes

Broglio, Steven P.a; Eckner, James T.b; Kutcher, Jeffery S.c

doi: 10.1097/MOP.0b013e3283595616
NEUROLOGY: Edited by Scott L. Pomeroy and Robert C. Tasker

Purpose of review Recent technological advances have allowed the in-vivo measurement of impacts sustained to the head during helmeted sports. These measurements are of interest to researchers and clinicians for their potential to understand both the underlying mechanics of concussive injuries and the potential for real-time injury diagnostics. Following an overview of impact biomechanics, this review will evaluate the following: in-vivo technology being used in American football players; impact frequencies and magnitudes; and the biomechanical threshold for concussion.

Recent findings The average high school athlete sustains over 650 impacts in a season, and the level at which concussion occurs is approximately 100 g and 5500 rad/s/s.

Summary High school athletes sustain a significant number of head impacts each year. The impacts are similar in both volume and magnitude when compared with collegiate athletes. The magnitude of impact that results in concussion is also the same at both levels of play, although the collegiate athlete may have a higher injury tolerance.

aNeurotrauma Research Laboratory

bDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

cDepartment of Neurology, University of Michigan, Michigan NeuroSport, Michigan, USA

Correspondence to Steve P. Broglio, PhD, ATC, School of Kinesiology, 401 Washtenaw Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. E-mail:

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.