Over the past 15 years, the lysosomal storage diseases have become paradigms for the specific treatment of monogenic disorders, particularly those affecting children. This review summarizes the phenotypes and recent literature regarding enzyme reconstitution (replacement) therapy and outcomes for such treatable lysosomal storage diseases: Gaucher disease, Fabry disease, Pompe disease and the mucopolysaccharidoses.
Recent clinical trials have shown that enzyme reconstitution therapy effectively treats many of the manifestations of the lysosomal storage diseases. When initiated early in the disease course, enzyme reconstitution therapy can reverse some disease manifestations, but may not completely alleviate the disease progression. Enzyme reconstitution therapy is generally well tolerated. Many adverse events are antibody-related, but can be managed without requiring cessation of enzyme reconstitution therapy. Documented IgE reactions, i.e. anaphylactoid, are quite rare (fewer than 1%).
Enzyme reconstitution therapy is a safe and effective treatment modality available for several of the lysosomal storage diseases. Owing to the short history of enzyme reconstitution therapy, the long-term outcomes of enzyme reconstitution therapy-treated individuals are unknown and require further investigation. Medical professionals must learn to identify patients likely to benefit from these life-changing therapies so as to prevent many of the devastating, irreversible complications of the lysosomal storage diseases.
Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Correspondence to Gregory A. Grabowski, MD, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Human Genetics, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 4006, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA Tel: +1 513 636 7290; fax: +1 513 636 2261; e-mail: email@example.com