This review highlights recent advances in four areas of interest to the pediatrician: animal-induced injuries and disease, viral infections, neonatal jaundice, and immunizations. Molecular biology techniques are dramatically impacting our understanding of the pathophysiology of disease states. The application of this “modern medicine” to the bedside is rapidly becoming commonplace. As clinicians we need to understand the opportunities this affords us as well as its potential limitations. The above four areas of concern will be explored with this in mind.
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