Purpose of review
Although tranexamic acid is commonly used in surgical fields such as obstetrics, orthopedics, and trauma, its utilization in facial plastic surgery is a recently emerging concept, and studies examining its potential impact have been few. This review highlights how tranexamic acid may be employed during facial plastic procedures and the promising impact it may have.
Tranexamic acid is primarily being studied in rhinoplasties and rhytidectomies, with intravenous administration and local infiltration being the most common routs of application, respectively. During rhinoplasties, tranexamic acid has the potential to improve the visualization of the surgical field by decreasing blood loss and to improve postoperative edema and ecchymosis. For rhytidectomies, on the contrary, it may shorten time to attain hemostasis, lessen the rate of hematoma formation, and lead to lower surgical drain output. Its efficacy is preserved at low doses, and significant medication side effects have not been reported after facial plastic procedures.
Altogether, tranexamic acid may present a valuable adjuvant to facial plastic surgery, as it could increase both surgeon and patient satisfaction while exhibiting a benign safety profile.