HEAD AND NECK ONCOLOGY: Edited by Cesare PiazzaElectrochemotherapy in the head and neck area: an addition to the treatment armamentariumde Bree, Remcoa; Wessel, IrenebAuthor Information aDepartment of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands bDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Correspondence to Remco de Bree, MD, PhD, Department of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel: +31 88 7550819; e-mail: email@example.com Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: April 2020 - Volume 28 - Issue 2 - p 112-117 doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000609 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is increasingly used in different settings in head and neck cancer patients when conventional treatment options are not available. Recent findings Recent improvements of electroporation and ECT include new advanced electrode probes, the combination with intratumorally injected supraphysiological doses of calcium and an update of the standard operating procedures. Summary ECT is a treatment modality that combines administration of a chemotherapeutic drug, for example, bleomycin, with electroporation therapy (EPT). EPT uses brief, high-intensity, pulsed electrical currents to enhance the uptake of cytotoxic drugs by producing a transient increase in cell wall permeability. ECT increases the effect of cytostatic drugs, is independent on histology of the lesion, enables treatment to previously treated areas, preserves healthy tissue, has no significant side effects (low-dose chemotherapy) and enables repeated treatments. ECT can be combined with other treatment modalities and is an addition to the current treatment options of head and neck cancer. ECT is not only able to palliate symptoms but can also provide complete responses and curation. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.