AUDITORY AND VESTIBULAR SCIENCE: Edited by Rodney C. DiazCurrent concepts in the management of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing lossO’Connell, Brendan P.; Hunter, Jacob B.; Haynes, David S.Author Information Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The Otology Group, The Bill Wilkerson Center for Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA Correspondence to David S. Haynes, MD, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Otology Group, The Bill Wilkerson Center for Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Vanderbilt University, 7209 Medical Center East, South Tower 1215 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232-8605, USA. Tel: +1 615 322 6180; fax: +1 615 343 9725; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: October 2016 - Volume 24 - Issue 5 - p 413-419 doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000289 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The purpose of this manuscript is to review the initial management strategies for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, with an emphasis on the role that steroids play in treatment of this condition, and discuss options for auditory rehabilitation of persistent unilateral hearing loss. Recent findings Recent data suggest that hearing improvement may be greater for patients initially treated with both systemic and intratympanic steroid when compared with those treated with systemic steroids alone. Salvage intratympanic steroids have been shown to confer hearing benefit if initial management fails. The ideal dosing regimen for intratympanic steroids has not been established, but evidence supports that higher dosing strategies are advantageous. Cochlear implantation has emerged as a strategy for auditory rehabilitation of persistent unilateral hearing loss. Recent studies have demonstrated high patient satisfaction, subjective improvement in tinnitus, and objective performance benefit after cochlear implantation for single-sided deafness. Summary Patients can be offered steroid therapy in the initial management of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, but should be counseled that the efficacy of steroids remains unclear. If patients fail to improve with initial management, salvage intratympanic steroid administration should be considered. If hearing loss persists long term, options for auditory rehabilitation should be discussed. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.