Purpose of review
This article reports the findings of recently published research articles and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) data on the epidemiology
. Numerous otolaryngologic diseases are associated with asthma
, such as allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea. In addition, asthma
causes a significant health burden and its prevalence is increasing.
Currently, 8.4% of persons in the United States have asthma
as compared with 4.3% of the population worldwide, and both numbers are on the rise. The average annual asthma prevalence
is higher in children (9.5%) than adults (7.7%). The prevalence of asthma
is higher in black persons than white persons, and the ethnicity most affected is the Puerto Rican population. Asthma prevalence
increases with each successive lower poverty level group. There are interesting relationships between asthma
and certain otolaryngologic diseases. The impact of asthma
on both morbidity and mortality is particularly noteworthy.
The prevalence of asthma
is increasing both domestically and globally. The impact is most significant in the minority and lower socioeconomic populations. Future research should work to elucidate the reasons for this increase in asthma
and promote better access to care for persons across all ethnic and socioeconomic classes.