ALLERGY: Edited by Sandra Y. LinCurrent concepts diagnosis and management of food allergy in childrenMims, James W. Author Information Department of Otolaryngology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA Correspondence to James W. Mims, MD, Department of Otolaryngology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. Tel: +1 336 716 3648; fax: +1 336 716 9440; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: June 2016 - Volume 24 - Issue 3 - p 250-255 doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000261 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Advances in the prevention and treatment of food allergy have been published in the last few years and are placed in context using a review format. Recent findings Preventing food allergy has been studied for years with questions of whether avoidance or exposure was a better strategy. Recent research has suggested that peanut allergy can be substantially reduced in high-risk infants through intentional oral exposure. For children with food allergy, the primary treatment remains avoidance, but controlled trials have shown some success with oral immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy. Summary Providers who see children with food allergies should be aware of the newer recommendations of preventing peanut allergy and the emerging therapies for children with immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.