NOSE AND PARANASAL SINUSES: Edited by Samuel S. Becker and Nithin D. AdappaAn algorithmic approach to the evaluation and treatment of olfactory disordersDaramola, Opeyemi O.a,b; Becker, Samuel S.a,cAuthor Information aBecker Ear, Nose and Throat Center, Princeton, New Jersey bDepartment of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois cDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Correspondence to Samuel S. Becker, MD, Becker Ear, Nose and Throat Center, 800 Bunn Drive, Suite 204, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA. Tel: +1 609 430 9200; fax: +1 609 430 9202; e-mail: email@example.com Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: February 2015 - Volume 23 - Issue 1 - p 8-14 doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000118 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review To review the current evidence in diagnosing olfactory disorders and suggest an algorithmic approach to patients with relevant complaints. Recent findings New literature suggests that the incidence of olfactory loss increases with age. Age-associated olfactory loss is often multifactorial and requires careful history and physical exam. Psychophysical tests have a role in screening patients at risk for Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, but there is lack of evidence regarding timing and patient selection. Prediction of olfactory improvement in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is difficult with variable results from different studies. Olfactory training is suggested to be an emerging modality in patients with postinfectious olfactory loss. Summary There is no standard treatment for olfactory loss. Each patient must be approached individually based on the suspected cause. Patients with CRS may require medical management and surgical treatment for alleviation of their olfactory dysfunction. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.