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Update on primary cleft lip rhinoplasty

Gudis, David A.; Patel, Krishna G.

Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: August 2014 - Volume 22 - Issue 4 - p 260–266
doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000066
FACIAL PLASTIC SURGERY: Edited by Travis T. Tollefson

Purpose of review The optimal timing and techniques utilized to address the nasal deformity of the cleft lip continue to raise challenges and debate for the surgical community. There has been a shift in the paradigm addressing the nasal deformity to a more proactive approach. The goal of this article is to provide an update of the latest techniques for primary cleft rhinoplasty.

Recent findings A medical literature search was performed specifically targeting primary cleft rhinoplasty in order to review the current strategies implemented, including presurgical orthopedics, surgical incisions, reconstruction, and suture techniques.

Summary Today primary rhinoplasty is performed widely with many investigators reporting improved esthetic and functional outcomes. Both endonasal and external rhinoplasty approaches have been described for the unilateral and bilateral deformity. Goals include closure of the nasal floor and sill, symmetry of the alar base, and symmetry of the lower lateral cartilages with appropriate projection of the dome. Recent literature supports that rhinoplasty performed at the time of the primary cleft lip closure may reduce the frequency and magnitude of required intermediate and definitive rhinoplasty operations.

Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA

Correspondence to Krishna G. Patel, MD, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Rutledge Avenue, Charleston, South Carolina, USA. Tel: +1 843 876 0922; fax: +1 843 792 0546; e-mail:

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