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State of the art in treatment of facial paralysis with temporalis tendon transfer

Sidle, Douglas M.; Simon, Patrick

Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: August 2013 - Volume 21 - Issue 4 - p 358–364
doi: 10.1097/MOO.0b013e328362ce5c
FACIAL PLASTIC SURGERY: Edited by Julian M. Rowe-Jones and Travis Tollefson

Purpose of review Temporalis tendon transfer is a technique for dynamic facial reanimation. Since its inception, nearly 80 years ago, it has undergone a wealth of innovation to produce the modern operation. The purpose of this review is to update the literature as to the current techniques and perioperative management of patients undergoing temporalis tendon transfer.

Recent findings The modern technique focuses on the minimally invasive approaches and aesthetic refinements to enhance the final product of the operation. The newest techniques as well as preoperative assessment and postoperative rehabilitation are discussed.

Summary When temporalis tendon transfer is indicated for facial reanimation, the modern operation offers a refined technique that produces an aesthetically acceptable outcome. Preoperative smile assessment and postoperative smile rehabilitation are necessary and are important adjuncts to a successful operation.

Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Correspondence to Douglas M. Sidle, MD, FACS, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, 676 North Saint Clair Street, Suite 1325, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Tel: +1 312 695 3222; e-mail:

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins