Otology and neuro-otology: Edited by Myles L. PensakTo tube or not to tube indications for myringotomy with tube placementSmith, Nicholas; Greinwald, John JrAuthor Information Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA Correspondence to John Greinwald Jr, MD, FAAP, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Center for Hearing and Deafness Research, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, MLB 2018, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA Tel: +1 513 636 4881; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery: October 2011 - Volume 19 - Issue 5 - p 363-366 doi: 10.1097/MOO.0b013e3283499fa8 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review To examine the current indications for myringotomy with tube placement. Recent findings In 2004, revised clinical practice guidelines for otitis media with effusion (OME) and acute otitis media (AOM) were published. Because of the rate of spontaneous resolution of otitis in children, these guidelines suggest more ‘watchful waiting’ in both disease processes. Recent literature has recommended an even longer observation period in children with OME of up to 9–18 months. In adults, indications for myringotomy with tube placement have remained unchanged. We will discuss the changes in indications for myringotomy with tube placement and review the recent literature and trends in this area. Summary In children, indicator guideline changes have been shown to not affect speech, language, and cognitive development, but further study is needed to find the right balance of observation, antibiotics, and myringotomy with tube placement for otitis media. Future vaccines may further decrease the number of children requiring myringotomy with tube placement for otitis media. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.