Purpose of review
There are several different approaches to handling regular and irregular astigmatism during cataract surgery, but still much debate on which solutions are most effective given unique patient circumstances. In this review, we examine recent literature and studies to highlight some of the most effective ways to plan preoperatively, manage regular and irregular astigmatism during cataract surgery, as well as managing postoperative complications.
Recent developments in technology have provided increased courses of action for astigmatism management during cataract surgery. Additional options of toric IOLs with presbyopic platforms, light adjustable lenses, intraocular pinhole lenses, online technological tools and platforms, wavefront or topographic laser technology, and phototherapeutic keratectomy are all effective solutions to managing regular and irregular astigmatism. In this review, we will explore optimal approaches for unique situations.
With increased technology, research, and methods, correcting regular and irregular astigmatism during cataract surgery is achievable in most patients. With in-depth preoperative planning, analysis of patient-specific factors, and a tailored approach, surgeons can obtain excellent uncorrected vision for patients.